Hot Dipping Tin Plated | Coated Continuous Casting Copper Clad | Covered Steel Grounding Electrode | Rod Manufacturing Process

Hot Dipping Tin Plated | Coated Continuous Casting Copper Clad | Covered Steel Grounding Electrode | Rod Manufacturing Process

Hot-dip tin-plated continuous casting copper-clad steel product Product introduction In our country, steel-made (galvanized steel) materials are usually adopted as the earthing materials; however, since the steel-made earthing material has short service life since it is easily corroded, it has...

Product Details

Hot-dip tin-plated continuous casting copper-clad steel product introduction:

In China, steel-made (galvanized steel) materials are usually adopted as the earthing materials; however, since the steel-made earthing material has short service life since it is easily corroded, it has been replaced by the new materials gradually. Since copper-made (copper or copper-clad steel) earthing material has excellent conductivity property and corrosion-resistance performance, its sectional area only is less than 1/2 of that of steel-made earthing material and service life is 3~6 times of that of steel-made earthing material, which makes it become the most important new material to replace the steel-made earthing material. However, since the surface copper of the copper-made earthing material has relatively high potential, if the material is directly connected or close to the underground pipeline (copper made), the underground pipeline will be easily corroded due to the potential difference; moreover, if cathodic protection is adopted, the protective potential will be raised. To solve such defect, our company’s technicians have developed a new type of material – hot-dip galvanized continuous casting copper-clad steel earth wire through experiments and studies. Not only the property of this product is superior to the copper-made earth material, but also the problem that copper-made earth material causes corrosion of underground pipeline due to potential difference can be solved.


Working principle

When most of the metal contact various kinds of solutions, it will be automatically corroded; the metal coverts to metal ions and enters into the solution and corresponding electrons will be left on the metal surface; the more ions enter into the solution, the more electrons will be left on the surface; ionization of metal will become more and more difficult because of the attraction between negative electrons and positive ions and finally equilibrium will be realized, as shown in the equation below:
图片1.png 

In different solutions, different metal has different ionization tendencies or degrees. When ionic equilibrium is reached, it means that metal establishes an equilibrium (electrode) potential in the solution according to electrochemistry terminology. The metal becomes an electrode in the solution and electrode potential and free energy also can express the spontaneous tendency of corrosion: high potential indicates that the ionization is not easily realized, for example, precious metal such as gold, silver, copper, etc.
Relationship between potential and free energy can be explained via the following electrochemical equation:  
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In the above equation:

图片16.png refers to free energy change of corrosion reaction; 

图片12.png refers to the electromotive force of corrosion cell;
 n refers to the number of electrons in oxidation reaction, that is, valence number of metal ions;
 F refers to faraday constant and F=96500C.


It can be seen from the above equation that the larger electromotive force is, the greater of reduction of free energy (图片11.png) will be, that is, the larger corrosion tendency will be. Electromotive force equals to the difference of two electrodes (negative and positive) in the battery. The anodic reaction of corrosion cell refers to the conversion of metal into ions and cathodic reaction refers to the ionization of oxygen in solution. Only if the anodic reaction and cathodic reaction both exist, ions attached to the metal surface will be effectively removed and corrosion will proceed. Therefore, the lower the potential of anode metal is, the larger 图片12.png and 图片11.png will be.


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The standard electrode potentials of some important metal are listed in the table below. Since the potential of metal changes with the ionic concentration and temperature in the solution, the solution (at 25℃) whose unit activity is the metal ions contained in one liter is treated as the standard solution and potentials of different metal are measured as the standard potential for the convenience of comparison. The absolute value of potential is hard to be measured, so that the standard potential of hydrogen is set as zero and electric difference between other metal and hydrogen electrode is measured and treated as the standard potential of metal.


图片17_副本.jpg 


In the above table, the standard potentials of metal are arranged in ascending (small to large or negative to positive) order. It can be seen from the table that the standard potential of Fe is -0.036(Fe3+) and -0.440 (Fe2+) and metal within that range mainly includes Cd (-0.403), Co (-0.277), Ni (-0.250), Sn (-0.136) and Pb (-0.126). Through comprehensive consideration of material cost and environmental protection, tin is selected to cover the copper earth material; as a result, the corrosion problem of underground pipeline due to its potential difference with copper earth material will be basically removed.


This product is manufactured by adopting the invention patent technology which owns independent intellectual property right and copper-clad steel composite technology adopts the following invention patent: lowering and continuous casting method and device of steel covered steel wire (patent No.: ZL2008 1 0187254.3); patent adopted by hot-dip tin-plating: method of preparing large diameter tin-plated copper-clad steel wire through continuous hot-dip tin-plating (patent No.: ZL2007 1 0133600.5). Thus, combination of three kinds of metal metallurgical molecules and the delivery of large diameter, large length, thick copper layer and soft products can be realized. The process technology is internationally advanced.


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The composite coating is made of tin which guarantees anti-oxidation without influencing cathodic protection; the inner layer is made of oxygen-free copper which guarantees anti-oxidation and excellent conductivity property. 

The composite matrix metal adopts high-quality carbon steel to guarantee high strength and good magnetic permeability. 

It is manufactured via continuous casting technology and combination of copper-clad steel metallurgic molecules to avoid electrochemical corrosion and galvanic effect.  

With copper layer thickness≥1.0mm, it complies with UL467 and relevant standards of the state.
Service life is longer than four decades.

 

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The products with various kinds of specifications (diameter and length) can be customized according to requirements.

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